Table of Contents  | Policies | FAQs | Features Glossary | Tips & Tutorials | Downloads | Network Status
Support Manual: FTP/Telnet/SSH
Return to Table of Contents

Naming Your Main Page and Where to Upload
FrontPage 2002
Publishing with Microsoft Publisher or Netscape Composer
WinSCP (secure FTP) for PC Users
WS_FTP for PC Users
Fetch for Mac Users
Telnet
Secure Shell (SSH)



Naming Your Main Page and Where to Upload
When you ftp (using regular ftp like WS_FTP) to your account, you are automatically in your /home directory. Double-click on the www folder. This will make the www directory the active directory. Here is where you need to upload your web pages. The default file in any directory should be named one of the following (must be in all lowercase)
  • index.htm 
  • index.html
  • index.shtml
  • index.mv
  • index.php
  • index.php3
  • index.php4
  • index.cgi
Publishing with Microsoft Publisher or Netscape Composer
Your ftp address for Microsoft Publisher is:

 ftp://yourdomain.com/home/yourdomain/www/

 For example, if your domain name is "fred.com", the ftp address would be:

 ftp://fred.com/home/fred/www/

 If you are using Netscape Composer, the ftp address would be:

 ftp://fred@fred.com/home/fred/www/

WinSCP (secure FTP) for PC Users
WinSCP is a freeware FTP client for Windows 95/98/NT/2000/XP using SSH (Secure Shell). Its main function is safe copying of files between local and remote computers. You can download it from http://winscp.vse.cz/download2.php?file=WinSCP.exe (398 kb).

 It's very easy to use—similar to WS_FTP.

WS_FTP for PC Users
If you do not have WS_FTP installed on your PC, you can download the LE version for free from http://www.ftpplanet.com/download.htm. When you run WS_FTP the Session Profile window is displayed. A profile contains the information needed to connect to your web site. Creating a Profile eliminates the need for you to configure the software each time you use it. 

To create a new profile, click the "New" button and enter a Profile Name (can be anything you want) at the top of the Session Properties window. Next, enter the Host Name (this is your domain name without "www" or "http://"), User ID, and Password for your Web site as illustrated below. 

image2.gif (17365 bytes)

 Be sure to select Unix (standard) for the Host Type. Select "Save Pwd" so that you won't have to enter the password next time. You can leave the "Account:" and "Comment" fields blank. Click Apply and then OK. 

This will connect you to the Web server, where you will connect directly to the root (home) directory of your account. WS_FTP will display a split screen where files on the left-hand side are within your own computer. You will see several folders on the right-hand side, such as www, and infobots which are landmarks signifying a successful connection to your Web site, as illustrated below:

 You need to double-click on www to get to your Web directory. This is where all your files will be uploaded, and/or you will create subdirectories. (The only system directory that you may need to use is cgi-bin; this directory is reserved for custom scripts.) To make your home page load automatically, name the HTML document "index.htm" in lowercase and upload it to the www directory of your account. To upload a file or files, simply highlight the file(s) on the left and click the right arrow button (->) in the center of the window. Be sure to upload HTML documents and scripts in ASCII mode and images in binary mode. To transfer a file to a subdirectory, double-click the appropriate subdirectory to open it before transferring the desired file(s). To create a new directory, click on the MkDir button when you are inside the www directory or subdirectory. 

As soon as a file is uploaded to the Web server, it is available for all to see. If, after uploading a file, you are still unable to see the updated file via Netscape or Microsoft Internet Explorer, try hitting the "Reload" or "Refresh" button. If that fails, you need to clear both disk and browser cache. Remember that you must first be connected to the Internet through your local Internet service provider in order to connect to the Web server.

Fetch for Mac Users
The following information is contained within your Welcome! e-mail and is needed to connect to your web site via ftp:

 User ID
Password

 Your hostname is your domain name without "www" or "http://". 

Each time you run Fetch, the New Connection... window will be displayed. A profile contains the information needed to connect to your Web site. Creating a profile now will eliminate the need for you to configure the software each time you wish to connect to the web server via ftp. To create a new profile, select "New Connection..." from the File menu. Next, enter the Host (yourdomain.com), User ID (yourdomain), and Password for your Web site as illustrated below:

Fetch

 Don't worry about the Directory option right now. When you have your Host, User ID, and Password entered, click on the OK button. 

The next window that will pop-up looks like figure below, except that your domain will be in the pop-up window.

Fetch

 You should take the time, now that you have established your connection, to make it easier for yourself to get here next time. Under the Customize menu, select New Shortcut. A window will pop-up called Bookmark Editor, as shown below. It will already have your Name, Host, and User ID filled in. Under Type, choose File from the pop-up menu. If you would like Fetch to remember your Password so you won't have to type it in each time, type in your password in the Password field. Now, under the same Customize menu, choose Preferences, and under the General tab, make sure the connection you just entered is selected as the default shortcut. Next time you open up Fetch, your shortcut will be opened automatically and all you'll have to do is click the OK button!

Fetch

 To transfer files, you need to double-click on www to get to your Web directory. This is where all your files will be downloaded and/or you will create subdirectories. (The only system directory that you may need to use is cgi-bin; this directory is reserved for custom scripts.) To make your home page load automatically, name the HTML document "index.htm" in lowercase and upload it to the www directory of your account. To upload a file or files, simply drag them from your hard drive onto the Fetch window when you are in the appropriate directory or subdirectory. Be sure to upload HTML documents and scripts in Text mode and images in Binary mode. Or, to make life easier, click on the Automatic button, and Fetch will decide the proper format. To transfer a file to a subdirectory, double-click the appropriate subdirectory to open it before transferring the desired file(s). 

To ensure that the Automatic selection works properly, make sure the selections under the Upload tab in the Preferences window look the same as the figure below:

Fetch

 As soon as a file is uploaded to the Web server, it is available for all to see. If, after uploading a file, you are still unable to see the updated file via Netscape, you need to hit the Reload button in the Netscape button bar. Remember that you must first be connected to the Internet through your local Internet service provider in order to connect to the Web server. 

Telnet
You can use telnet (installed on most Windows machines).

Your login/UserID is yourdomain without the .com, .net.

Telnet is much like a DOS program in both use and appearance, requiring specific typewritten commands. There are "power" uses for Telnet, but only Advanced Users will be able to understand or implement them. The novice user will probably not need to use Telnet very much or very often, but some basic knowledge of it will be useful.
Connect With Telnet
You will need a Telnet program to access your Telnet account. If you use Windows, you should have a Telnet program already on your system. To find out, do the following:

Go to Start, select Run and type telnet into the entry box.
Once you have a Telnet program, launch it, and be sure that you have a live connection to the Internet.
  • Enter yourdomain.com into the entry box for HOST, and click on the Connect button, (exact label will vary depending on the Telnet program you are using)
  • When you are connected, you will be prompted for your User ID (or userid or login)  Type in your User ID.
  • You will then be prompted for your password. Type in your Password.
  • Once you are logged in you will see several lines of text scroll down the screen. When it is finished you will see a blinking cursor after a word that may look something like this:
    halo:~$
    This is called the prompt, and indicates the name of the server machine you are logged into.  That is where you will begin entering your commands.
    General Info For Advanced Users
     Some of the programs available at the shell prompt are:
          mail - a primitive email program
          pine - a more powerful email program
          ftp - to FTP onto other sites
          telnet - to telnet to other sites
          pico - an easy to use text editor
          vi - a not so easy to use (but standard) text editor
          Joe - another easy to use text editor
          lynx - a text-based world wide web browser.

    In general, it's a pretty complete POSIX environment. You access these programs by typing in their names, and then following commands relevant to each program. If you need help with any of  the programs, at the shell prompt, type man and the name of the  program to get instructions for that program online. If your problem is not knowing the name of the program, try apropos subject (i.e. apropos mail). It is important to remember that Unix is case sensitive.  "Index.htm" is not the same as "index.htm."

    Secure Shell (SSH)
    You can use a program supporting SSH to log into your server. If you are using a Windows environment, there’s a freeware program called “putty” that you can download for free from http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/latest/putty.exe.

    If you are using a Mac, there’s a free program called “Nifty SSH” you can download from http://www.lysator.liu.se/~jonasw/freeware/niftyssh.

     Within the program, make sure you select SSH. This will change the Port to 22. Your host name is your domain name (without "www" or "http://").

     Your login/UserID is yourdomain without the .com, .net.